Middle East

Wed, Feb 21, 2024

Arms sale claim heightened tensions ahead of 2023 Armenia-Azerbaijan peace talks

Online narratives claimed Iran or Russia might exploit French weapons that were allegedly bound for Armenia

by Ani Mejlumyan, Valentin Châtelet

Armenia Azerbaijan
Hatice Cengiz, fiancee of murdered journalist Jamal Khashoggi, testifies before a House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee hearing on "The Dangers of Reporting on Human Rights" on Capitol Hill in Washington U.S., May 16, 2019. REUTERS/Kevin Lamarque

Fri, Dec 22, 2023

Pro-Saudi X accounts repeatedly harassed activist and fiancée of murdered journalist Jamal Khashoggi

Turkish activist Hatice Cengiz, fiancée of murdered Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi, targeted with death threats and insults on the platform formerly known as Twitter

by Digital Forensic Research Lab

Human Rights Online Harassment

Thu, Dec 21, 2023

DFRLab research highlights from 2023

From the war in Ukraine to the ongoing crisis in the Middle East, the DFRLab's international team of researchers investigated information operations and online harms around the world

by Andy Carvin, Layla Mashkoor

China Conflict
An Ezzedeen Al-Qassam Brigades (EQB) propaganda poster featured on Telegram. (Source: EQB)

Tue, Dec 12, 2023

How Palestinian militants use Telegram videos in the Mideast conflict

Palestinian militant factions appear to be operating with a high degree of technical coordination, producing uniformly branded propaganda videos with regularity.

by Michael Loadenthal

Conflict Extremism

Tue, Dec 5, 2023

Indian Twitter accounts exploit Mideast conflict to attack journalist

Accounts potentially coordinated to portray journalist Barkha Dutt as a security threat to Israel and urged action against her

by Digital Forensic Research Lab

India Israel

Mon, Dec 4, 2023

Egyptian social media reacts to calls for evacuating Gaza residents into Sinai

Narratives calling for displacement of Gaza Palestinians into the Sinai Peninsula met with rejection in Egyptian social media

by Dina Sadek

Conflict Egypt
A wounded woman uses a phone at Nasser Hospital after an airstrike in the city of Khan Yunis, amid the continuing conflict between Israel and the Palestinian Hamas movement.

Fri, Nov 3, 2023

How information travels during Gaza’s communications blackouts

People in Gaza turn to eSIMS and other solutions amid cellular and internet outages

by Layla Mashkoor

Critical Infrastructure Policy Gaza
Detail from ISIS article, "Practical Steps to Fight the Jews."

Thu, Nov 2, 2023

Accounts on Facebook, TikTok spread ISIS call for violence against Jewish targets

Accounts openly shared publication advocating offline violence, which continues to circulate on both platforms

by Digital Forensic Research Lab

Content Moderation Policies Facebook
A hooded man holds a laptop computer as cyber code is projected on him in this illustration picture taken on May 13, 2017. Capitalizing on spying tools believed to have been developed by the U.S. National Security Agency, hackers staged a cyber assault with a self-spreading malware that has infected tens of thousands of computers in nearly 100 countries. REUTERS/Kacper Pempel/Illustration TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY

Wed, Nov 1, 2023

Hacker collectives take sides in the Mideast crisis

Telegram feeds of hacker groups document alleged attacks targeting Israel

by Ruslan Trad

Conflict in and through the Cyber Domain Cybersecurity
FILE PHOTO: European Internal Market and Industry Commissioner Thierry Breton speaks at a news conference in Brussels, Belgium February 23, 2023. REUTERS/Yves Herman/File Photo

Thu, Oct 26, 2023

As Israel and Hamas go to war, the Digital Services Act faces its first major test

The EU’s first actions in the context of the conflict will inevitably set standards for this landmark law’s long-term impact

by Rose Jackson, Jacqueline Malaret

Digital Policy Europe
Tarek el-Nabarawy poses with supporters ahead of the Egyptian Engineers Syndicate vote, May 30, 2023.

Thu, Oct 19, 2023

Pro-government Twitter accounts targeted head of Egyptian Engineers Syndicate

Suspicious accounts used duplicated content to attack syndicate head Tarek el-Nabarawy

by Digital Forensic Research Lab

Civil Society Egypt
Israel's Iron Dome anti-missile system intercepts rockets launched from the Gaza Strip, as seen from the city of Ashkelon, Israel October 9, 2023. (Source: Reuters/Amir Cohen/File Photo)

Wed, Oct 18, 2023

Network of South Asian Twitter accounts spreading Israel-Palestine war disinfo

Accounts exhibiting signs of coordination amplify divisive copypasta targeting both sides of the conflict

by Digital Forensic Research Lab

Deceptive Content Manipulation Disinformation