The 5×5 series is a monthly series by the Cyber Statecraft Initiative, in which five featured experts answer five questions each on a common theme, trend, or current event in the world of cyber. If you are interested in The 5×5 and want to see a particular topic, event, or question covered, please contact the Cyber Statecraft Initiative at


The Atlantic Council’s Cyber Statecraft Initiative, under the Digital Forensic Research Lab (DFRLab), works at the nexus of geopolitics and cybersecurity to craft strategies to help shape the conduct of statecraft and to better inform and secure users of technology.